Home PageThe 4 c s of diamonds: diamond education

The 4 C S of Diamonds: Diamond Education

1. CUT…

Cut does not refer to shape it is the first of the 4 c s of diamonds and refers to cutting proportions. A diamond if it is cut properly will be cut much like a prism whereby the  a light enters the top of the diamond through the table and makes a U shaped curve and returns back out through the top of the table giving a mirror like reflection of the light. See the illustrations below.

2. COLOR…

Color refers to the body color of the diamond. Diamonds range in color from colorless to very yellow. When it comes to selecting an engagement ring most people prefer near colorless. We recommend a color grade anywhere between a (GIA) D-J. See chart below

3. CLARITY…

Clarity pertains to the internal perfection of the diamond. Does the diamond have a flaw or not? The gemological term for flaw is” inclusion”. Most all diamonds have some type of inclusion. Flawless diamonds are exceptionally rare and terribly expensive. What is important is that the inclusion in the diamond is not harmful to the internal structure of the diamond and is not visible to the naked eye. We generally recommend clarity grades from VVS1 to SI2. Diamonds that have clarity grades within this range are just as beautiful as if they were flawless. I1 clarity can also be a consideration providing the imperfection is not eye visible or can be covered by a prong. See chart below

4. CARAT WEIGHT…

There are 100 points in a carat. Carat weight is strictly a unit of measure and has nothing to do with the quality of the diamond. So 50-59 points is considered a half carat, 70-79 points is considered 3/4 carat, 90-99 points is a light carat, 100-109 is considered a full carat, etc..

5. CERTIFICATION…

An appraisal alone is not enough when purchasing your diamond. You should certainly receive an appraisal but you should also receive a GIA Diamond Certificate. The GIA diamond certificate is the only diamond certificate recognized the world over to be without question. That document certifies the cut, color, clarity, and carat weight of that diamond. There are other diamond certificates like the EGL, I G I, and others but often times they’re not worth the paper they’re written on.

6. CREDIBILITY…

When selecting the all-important purchase of a diamond be certain you are dealing with a company of the highest integrity. At Diamond Buyers we put integrity and trust over profit, and you our valued customer always come first!